CentOs7搭建PHP环境

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提示:wget 下载URL提示无法建立SSL连接,进行如下教程操作


https://blog.csdn.net/xinghun_4/article/details/50500331

reboot 重启虚拟机
  1. 一键安装所有编译工具 gcc

yum groupinstall "Development Tools" "Server Platform Development" -y
  1. Yum添加 Epel源

wget http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpmrpm -ivh epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpmyum repolist      ##检查是否已添加至源列表
  1. 安装Nginx

yum -y install nginx   使用yum安装nginx
systemctl start nginx  启动nginx,浏览器输入ip就可以看到nginx的欢迎页

3.1 修改Nginx配置文件以支持PHP解析

nginx配置文件默认放在/etc/nginx/nginx.confvi /etc/nginx/nginx.conf在server区间里加入以下内容
注释掉本来的这两行 
        # location / { 
        #  } 
 location / { 
        root   /usr/share/nginx/html; 
        index  index.php index.html index.htm; 
    } 
  location ~ \.php$ { 
         root           html; 
         fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000; 
         fastcgi_index  index.php; 
         fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /usr/share/nginx/html$fastcgi_script_name; 
         include        fastcgi_params; 
     } 
systemctl restart nginx 重启nginx
  1. 安装PHP

检查当前安装的PHP包
    yum list installed | grep php
如果有安装的PHP包,先删除他们
(这条命令看情况执行看清楚你安装的包用yum remove删除)
 yum remove php.x86_64 php-cli.x86_64 php-common.x86_64 php-gd.x86_64 php-ldap.x86_64 php-mbstring.x86_64 php-mcrypt.x86_643

4.1 添加PHP的yum源

Centos 5.Xrpm -Uvh http://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el5/latest.rpmCentOs 6.x
  rpm -Uvh http://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el6/latest.rpm

  CentOs 7.Xrpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/epel-release.rpmrpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/webtatic-release.rpm或者使用wget
wget https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/epel-release.rpmrpm -ivh epel-release.rpm

如果想删除上面安装的Yum源包,重新安装

rpm -qa | grep webstatic
rpm -e  上面搜索到的包即可

4.2自行选择要安装什么版本的PHP

php5.6yum install php56w.x86_64 php56w-cli.x86_64 php56w-common.x86_64 php56w-gd.x86_64 php56w-ldap.x86_64 php56w-mbstring.x86_64 php56w-mcrypt.x86_64 php56w-mysql.x86_64 php56w-pdo.x86_64

php5.5yum install php55w.x86_64 php55w-cli.x86_64 php55w-common.x86_64 php55w-gd.x86_64 php55w-ldap.x86_64 php55w-mbstring.x86_64 php55w-mcrypt.x86_64 php55w-mysql.x86_64 php55w-pdo.x86_64

php7
    yum install php70w.x86_64 php70w-cli.x86_64 php70w-common.x86_64 php70w-gd.x86_64 php70w-ldap.x86_64 php70w-mbstring.x86_64 php70w-mcrypt.x86_64 php70w-mysql.x86_64 php70w-pdo.x86_64

4.2 安装PHP-FPM

5.5yum install php55w-fpm 
5.6yum install php56w-fpm 
7.0yum install php70w-fpm

启动php-fpm

systemctl start php-fpm

配置php.ini

vi /etc/php.ini 按下esc进入命令模式,输入:/cgi.fix_pathinfo,按n
进行下一个查找,找到指定cgi.fix_pathinfo, 修改为=0;
  1. 安装Mysql 我不放mariadb了 直接mysql

yum –y install mysql
yum –y install mysql-devel

添加官方mysql-server的yum源
 wget http://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm

安装源

 rpm -ivh mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm 
安装mysql-server
 yum install mysql-community-server

启动mysql

systemctl restart mysqld

如果有防火墙 要开放80和3306端口

centos7用的是firewallfirewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=80/tcp --permanentfirewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=3306/tcp --permanent

重新加载防火墙

firewall-cmd --reload

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