Python的图形化界面

导入easygui模块有很多种方法 , 这里只介绍一种简单使用的 . 

1 import easygui as g

将easygui 简称为g 然后开始调用她的函数就行.

 

 1 import easygui as g
 2 import sys
 3 while 1:
 4     g.msgbox("显示一个窗口并且显示这些文字")# 只显示一个对话框并且只有一个ok
 5     msg="你希望学到什么呢?"
 6     title="小游戏互动"       # 在左上角的 标题旷里面
 7     choices=['谈恋爱','编程','ooxx','琴棋书画']  # 在选择框内 , 提供可选择项
 8     choice=g.choicebox(msg,title,choices) #  在这里 choice 可以得到上面你选择的那个选项
 9     g.msgbox("你的选择是:"+str(choice),'结果') # 打印出来
10     msg='你希望再来一次么?'     
11     title='请选择'
12     if g.ccbox(msg,title):    #  ok为真  cancel为假
13         pass
14     else:
15         exit(0)   # 用于退出程序  .

 

1 >>> import easygui as g
2 >>> g.msgbox('我爱博主','人民心声')
3 'OK'

  在函数中有许多的默认参数  如下

1 import easygui as g
2 import sys
3 choices=['愿意','不愿意','听从您的吩咐']
4 reply=g.choicebox('你愿意和我在一起么,美女.',choices=choices)
5 g.msgbox(reply)

msgbox的函数定义如下  

1 >>> help(g.msgbox)
2 Help on function msgbox in module easygui:
3 
4 msgbox(msg='(Your message goes here)', title=' ', ok_button='OK', image=None, root=None)
5     Display a messagebox

  这里示范一下修改按钮的办法 .

1 g.msgbox('are you ready?',ok_button='呦我草')

关于ccbox

1 msgbox(msg='(Your message goes here)', title=' ', ok_button='OK', image=None, root=None)
1 if g.ccbox('要再来一次吗?', choices=('要啊要啊^_^', '算了吧T_T')):
2         g.msgbox('不给玩了,再玩就玩坏了......')
3 else:
4         sys.exit(0) # 记得先 import sys 哈

关于buttonbox

1 buttonbox(msg='', title=' ', choices=('Button1', 'Button2', 'Button3'), image=None, root=None)
1 g.msgbox(g.buttonbox("我爱你",'你说爱不爱',('','你唉','爱爱爱','爱爱爱')))

如何添加图片.

1 import easygui as g
2 import sys
3 g.buttonbox('大家说我长得帅吗?', image='D:/Documents/Pictures/2.gif', choices=('', '不帅', '!@#$%'))

 为用户提供一组选项.

1 multchoicebox(msg='Pick as many items as you like.', title=' ', choices=(), **kwargs)
2     Present the user with a list of choices.
3     allow him to select multiple items and return them in a list.
4     if the user doesn't choose anything from the list, return the empty list.
5     return None if he cancelled selection.
1 import easygui as g
2 str1=g.multchoicebox('你现在最想干啥','这是标题',('抽烟','打游戏','和蔡伟伟一起玩','学东西写代码','唉,日了狗了'))
3 if str1==None:
4     g.msgbox('如果点击取消的话 会返回一个 None')
5 print(str1)
6 g.msgbox(str1)

让用户输入

 1 enterbox(msg='Enter something.', title=' ', default='', strip=True, image=None, root=None)
 2     Show a box in which a user can enter some text.
 3     
 4     You may optionally specify some default text, which will appear in the
 5     enterbox when it is displayed.
 6     
 7     Returns the text that the user entered, or None if he cancels the operation.
 8     
 9     By default, enterbox strips its result (i.e. removes leading and trailing
10     whitespace).  (If you want it not to strip, use keyword argument: strip=False.)
11     This makes it easier to test the results of the call::
12     
13         reply = enterbox(....)
14         if reply:
15             ...
16         else:
1 >>> str1=g.enterbox(msg='请输入你想说的话', title='交互界面 ', default='这是默认用户输入', strip=True, image='D:/Documents/Pictures/2.gif', root=None)

让用户输入数据

integerbox(msg='', title=' ', default='', lowerbound=0, upperbound=99, image=None, root=None, **invalidKeywordArguments)
1 >>> g.integerbox(msg='输入你的分数 0~150', title='分数采集 ', default=0, lowerbound=0, upperbound=150)
2 150

显示文本文档.

1 import easygui as g
2 f=open('C:/Users/Administrator/Desktop/新建文本文档.txt')
3 str1=f.read()
4 g.textbox('下面是题解','求模',str1,1)

输入帐号密码.

1 passwordbox(msg='Enter your password.', title=' ', default='', image=None, root=None)

 

g.msgbox(g.passwordbox('输入你的密码','登陆提示','123456789'))

帐号密码登录框

 

1 multpasswordbox(msg='Fill in values for the fields.', title=' ', fields=(), values=())
2     Same interface as multenterbox.  But in multpassword box,
3     the last of the fields is assumed to be a password, and
4     is masked with asterisks.

 

 

 

import easygui as g
(account,password)=g.multpasswordbox('请输入您的账号密码','登录框',('帐号','密码'))
g.msgbox('帐号:  '+account+'\n'+'密码:  '+password)

目录和文件 

 

1 import easygui as g
2 #gui编程中常见的一个场景是要求用户输入目录或者文件名
3 #easygui提供了一些基本的函数让用户来浏览文件系统,选择一个目录或者文件.
4 str1=g.diropenbox('选择文件目录','浏览文件夹','C:/Users/Administrator/Desktop')
5 g.msgbox(str1)

选择一个文件并且返回包括文件名的目录

1 fileopenbox(msg=None, title=None, default='*', filetypes=None)
1 import easygui as g
2 #fileopenbox()函数用于提供一个对话框 , 返回用户选择的文件名(带完整路径)
3 #如果用户选择 Cancel则返回None.
4 str1=g.fileopenbox('选择文件','提示','C:/Users/Administrator/Desktop/__pycache__')
5 g.msgbox(str1)